Peru, the South American country of the Incas, has an amazingly diverse topography; an arid western coastline, snow-capped central Andes peaks and the eastern tropical Amazon basin. Lima, the capital of Peru, is a cosmopolitan city and a gateway to cruise ships from the Far East that have sailed across the Pacific Ocean. Cruises sailing from North America to Santiago or Valparaiso also often include Lima as a port of call on repositioning cruises between the Americas.
One of the most popular destinations on Peru cruises is the Andes, the mountain range located in the center of the country and home to the ancient Inca civilization. A trip down the Amazon River is another popular attraction on a Peru cruise, with a riverboat you can ride through the jungle, a great way to gain insight into this stunning natural environment. You can in fact sail all the way down the Amazon River to its mouth at the Atlantic Ocean.
From Lima you can also cruise north through the Panama Canal and across the Caribbean to Fort Lauderdale in Florida, or you can go on a cruise to the Galapagos Island, an all year round destination.
Ships visiting Lima dock in Callao, Peru's principal port. Among the attractions in Callao are old houses, an 18th-century fortress and a naval museum. Visitors often head to La Punta Beach or sail to one of the nearby islands for nature-watching. Callao and Lima blend to form a metropolitan area with around 8 million inhabitants - a fourth of Peru's total population.